AWS Lambda

AWS Lambda

What is AWS Lambda?

● AWS Lambda is a serverless compute service through which you can run your code without provisioning any Servers.

● It only runs your code when needed and also scales automatically when the request count increases.

● AWS Lambda follows the Pay per use principle – it means there is no charge when your code is not running.

● Lambda allows you to run your code for any application or backend service with zero administration.

● Lambda can run code in response to the events. Example – update in DynamoDB Table or change in S3 bucket.

● You can even run your code in response to HTTP requests using Amazon API Gateway.

What is Serverless computing?

● Serverless computing is a method of providing backend services on a pay per use basis.

● Serverless/Cloud vendor allows you to write and deploy code without worrying about the underlying infrastructure.

● Servers are still there, but you are not managing them, and the vendor will charge you based on usage.

When do you use Lambda?

● When using AWS Lambda, you are only responsible for your code.

● AWS Lambda manages the memory, CPU, Network, and other resources.

● It means you cannot log in to the compute instances or customize the operating system.

● If you want to manage your own compute resources, you can use other compute services such as EC2, Elastic Beanstalk.

● There will be a level of abstraction which means you cannot log in to the server or customize the runtime.

How does Lambda work?

Lambda Functions

● A function is a block of code in Lambda.

● You upload your application/code in the form of single or multiple functions.

● You can upload a zip file, or you can upload a file from the S3 bucket as well.

● After deploying the Lambda function, Lambda automatically monitors functions on your behalf, reporting metrics through Amazon CloudWatch.

Lambda Layers

● A Lambda layer is a container/archive which contains additional code such as libraries, dependencies, or custom runtimes.

● AWS Lambda allows five layers in a function.

● Layers are immutable.

● A new version will be added if you publish a new layer.

● Layers are by default private but can be shared and made public explicitly.

Lambda Event

● Lambda Event is an entity that invokes the lambda function.

● Lambda supports synchronous invocation of Lambda Functions.

● Lambda supports the following sources as an event

o AWS DynamoDB



o CloudWatch Event

o API Gateway


o Kinesis

o CloudWatch Logs

Language Supported in AWS Lambda

● NodeJS

● Go

● Java

● Python

● Ruby


● It is the feature of Amazon CloudFront which allows you to run your code closer to the location of Users of your application.

● It improves performance and reduces latency.

● Just like lambda, you don’t have to manage and provision the infrastructure around the world.

● Lambda@Edge runs your code in response to the event created by the CDN


● Charges will be calculated based on the number of requests for the function executed in a particular duration.

● Duration will be counted on a per 100-millisecond basis.

● Lambda Free tier usage includes 1 million free requests per month.

● It also comes with 400,000 GB-Seconds of compute time per month.

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